Reasons for economic output above capacity
You observe that output is above full-employment output. Politicians are arguing about the possible reasons. One party claims that this is due to a drop in world oil prices. The other party claims that this is due to an increase in consumer spending. Using aggregate supply-aggregate demand graphs, explain (a) how each of the above reasons could cause an increase in output, and (b) what evidence you could use to determine which one of these had occurred.